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Author Guidelines

General Instruction

  1. All manuscripts must be submitted in English Language, typewritten in Times New Roman (12 point font type) (1.5 spaced). Original papers should not exceed 5000 words. S. I. units and metric system of measurement are acceptable, Latin and other native words should be in italics. The manuscript should be in MS Word format version and paged.

  2. Original manuscripts should contain the following:

Title page

The title of the paper should unambiguously reflect the content and the main theme of the paper. The full names and the address of the author (including names of the institutions, country, email address and telephone numbers) should be stated. In case of joint authorship or multiple authorship the name and mailing address of the author to whom further correspondence would be referred should be indicated, otherwise, the name of the first author on the list is assumed to be corresponding author. Authors names should start with surnames then initials of the other names.


The second page of the manuscript should carry a concise and factual Abstract of not more than 250 words, stating the purpose of the study or investigation, basic procedure, main finding(s) and conclusions. Emphasis should be on new and important aspects of the study or observations. Non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the Abstract. Keywords immediately after the abstract should not be more than five.


The text should be divided into:

Introduction: This should be concise statement of the background to the work presented, including relevant earlier work, suitably referenced. The importance of the subject and reasons for the readers presumed interest should be indicated.

Materials and Methods: This section should contain reasonably detailed accounts of materials and experimental procedure, and/or references to previously published methods used. Sufficient information should be provided to enable reproducibility of the work. Descriptions of established procedures are unnecessary but should be referred. Standard techniques and methods use throughout the work should be stated at the beginning of the section. Equipment should be described only if it is non-standard; commercially available instruments are referred to by their model (e.g. Perkin-Elmer 457 or Varian HA-100 Spectrometers). Due attention should be given to experimental design and statistical analysis of data where applicable.

Result: The important results of the work should be clearly stated and illustrated where necessary by Tables and Figures. The use of flow diagrams and reaction schemes is encouraged. Data must not be reproduced in more than one form, e. g. in both Figure and Tables, cite Tables and Figures consecutively in text with Arabic numerals. Do not intersperse Tables and Figures within text.

Each Table should be typed on separate page, numbered in sequence with the body of the text. Tables should be headed with a short descriptive caption. They should be formatted with horizontal lines only: vertical ruled lines are not required. Any annotation to the headings or the tabulated items must be numbered and added in sequence at the foot of the Table.

A list of Figure Legends must be submitted on separate sheet to accompany the Figures. Each legend must give a concise description of the Figure concerned, together with any essential experimental detail not described in the text. In particular, the key to any symbols or distinctive line formats used on the Figure must be provided

The number of Tables and Figures must be limited to the most important ones. Tables and Figures should be identified by Arabic numerals e.g. (Fig. 2 or Table 2) and their relevant position in the text clearly indicated. All Figures should be professionally drawn.

For chemical structures, ChemDraw, ChemWindow or similar software should be used.

Discussion: This should explore the significance of the Results of the work. Avoid repetition of Methodology and Results in your discussion. Discussion should indicate clearly the significance and implication of the Results obtained. Relate your work to published studies.

Conclusion: Conclusion should be drawn from Aim and Objective(s) of the work. It should not carry too many details of the results.

Acknowledgement: Contributors other than co-authors may be acknowledged in a separate paragraph at the end of the paper, and be brief as possible. All grants or financial aid should be acknowledged

Reference: Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list and vice versa.

Citations in Text: Indicate references by number (s) in square [ ] bracket (e.g. [1]) in line with the text.


Reference to a Journal Publication

  1. Fagunwa, O. E. and Olanbiwoninu, A. A. (2020). Accelerating the sustainable development goals through microbiology: some efforts and opportunities. Access Microbiology 2(5):1-11.

Reference to a Textbook

  1. Hedgecook, L. W. (1967). Skin Disinfection: in Antimicrobial Agents. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, pp. 102-104.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Mettam, G. R. and Adams, L. B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B. S., Smith, R. Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281–304.

Authors contribution: Contribution by each author must be stated clearly. Contributor must have actively participated in the conduct or supervision of the research. Proof reading or writing the manuscript does not confer on one an authorship of a manuscript.

Submission Checklist

It is hoped that this list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the Journals Editor for review. Please consult the Instructions to Authors for further details of any item.

Ensure that the following items are present:

  1. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document format.

  2. Email address, full postal address and telephone number(s) of the designated corresponding author.

  3. Keywords

  4. Captions of all Figures

  5. All Tables (including title, description and footnotes)

  6. Declaration of conflict of interest

Further Considerations

  1. Manuscript has been “spell-checked” and “grammar-checked

  2. References are in correct format for the Journal

  3. All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text and vice versa

  4. Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web).

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. Ensure that the following items are present:

    1. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document format.

    2. Email address, full postal address and telephone number(s) of the designated corresponding author.

    3. Keywords

    4. Captions of all Figures

    5. All Tables (including title, description and footnotes)

    6. Declaration of conflict of interest

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